Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR): The Ultimate Solution for Mitigating Climate Change



Biochar is produced by heating biomass and converting it to a more stable form. Biomass is all organic compounds derived from agricultural crops, algae and organic waste. 30-50% carbon is contained in the biomass. Of this amount, 4.4% is in exhaust gases, 0.01% in the atmosphere, and 80% in biochar.

Avoiding burning prevents dilution of carbon by 10x – 4,000x. Biomass carbonization can instead concentrate 2x as much carbon. The conversion of 50% of the carbon represents for optimizing crop yields of biochar, not in energy.

The problem lies with CO2, where 1 t C pure carbon = 3.66 t CO2. Addressing this problem at its root means preventing carbon atoms from becoming CO2 molecules. There are 6 very relevant carbon removal options:

-Build-up of soil organic matter
-Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR)
-Enchanced Weathering
-Bioenergy with Carbon Capture & Storage (BECCS): Utilizing agricultural organic waste to produce energy.
-Direct Air Carbon Capture and Storage (DACCS): Carbon capture technology that filters and reduces carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions directly from the air by using high-powered fans.

The last 4 options are permanent carbon removal, one of which is Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR) which is a system for removing carbon in the sky and placing it permanently into the ground. Using biochar as a carbon storage agent is by far the most efficient method of carbon removal because it only removes carbon, not entire CO2 molecules.

BCR is of the highest quality and stability. The stability of carbon in biochar is verified by a third party against the stringent standards of the European Biochar Certificate and verified by a third party through bio-inspecta GmbH according to the strict Biochar methodology.

Application of biochar also yielded agricultural benefits and demonstrated a 9.6% increase in plant height for 2009 biochar carbon sequestration and a 33% yield increase from dry sandy soils from 2010 (

The wide range of biomass suitable for carbonization includes wood, straw, coconut shell, twigs and algae. Currently, the application of biochar is applied in urban areas, agriculture, as well as construction materials.

Currently, biochar production in Europe is moving very fast. The European Biochar market has grown strongly and will continue to grow. At the end of 2022 Biochar production capacity is 53,000 t and Biochar production is approximately 33,500 t (equivalent to more than 90,000 t CO2e). And By the end of 2023, Biochar production capacity in Europe will increase to 90,000 t and production in 2023 is expected to exceed 50,000 t (equivalent to almost 150,000 t CO2e). This is the cumulative number of Biochar production plants in Europe.

  • By end of 2022, the cumulative number of production plants in Europe has grown to 130 installations
  • Until the end of 2023, the cumulative number of production plants in Europe is expected to grow to 180 installations
  • Many further projects (some of them quite large) are in an advanced planning and permitting process for commissioning in 2024

The recovery and use of biochar is increasing in a variety of applications, with the material offering significant added value, but remains a challenge and requires policy and regulatory support to develop an offtake market in parallel with increasing production.

source: EBI (European Biochar Industry) Market Report 2022/2023

Charcoal Briquette for the Environment and National Economy


Biochar is a coal-like substance produced by burning organic material from agricultural and forest waste (also called biomass) in a controlled process called pyrolysis. Although it looks a lot like regular coal, biochar is produced through a special process that reduces pollution and safely stores carbon.

One of biochar by-products is briquette. Briquettes are a form of solid fuel produced by compacting dry loose biomass residues into solid blocks that provide energy and are used like firewood and charcoal. Briquettes have the potential to counteract many adverse health and environmental impacts associated with traditional biomass energy. Briquettes from coconut shells have the potential to be an alternative energy that can be utilized. This is because Indonesia has a lot of coconut commodities, so the shell waste produced can be used to be processed into briquettes.


Briquettes can help re-purpose waste. The raw material for charcoal briquettes made from organic waste such as leaves, coconut shells and twigs can reduce waste while being environmentally friendly.

The use of briquettes also has the potential to preserve forests. In long-term studies undertaken at Kenya’s Kasigau Corridor, a conservation dryland landscape of about 200,000 ha, research led by Wildlife Works in collaboration with the National Museums of Kenya and ICRAF is showing that tree regeneration could occur alongside biodiversity protection and charcoal briquette production from tree prunings in the area, since using prunings eliminates the need to cut down trees.

Briquette also savings reduced expenditure on energy. Replacing firewood with briquettes has the potential to minimize costs on energy. The energy content in 1 kg of briquette is 16.8 MJ (megajoule) while the energy content in 1 kg of firewood is 13.8 MJ. Thus, less briquette by weight is required for the same amount of heat compared to firewood.

In addition, Indonesia’s coconut shell briquette dominates the export market. Demand for coconut shell briquettes from abroad is very high. This is because briquettes are widely used for barbeque and shisha. Besides having a high demand, the coconut shell briquette business is also not affected by the economic crisis.

Exports of Indonesian coconut charcoal products increased by 4.69% from US$ 145.1 million in 2019 to US$ 151.9 million in 2020 (Kemlu)

Therefore, the briquette business will run in a sustainable manner supported by the abundant availability of waste

BANANA & Partners Sustainability Report 2022

The 2022 Sustainability Report of BANANA & Partners (PT Abadan Nusantara International) is the first annual report published by the Company. This report is not GRI standard, this is a media to convey information to all stakeholders in the Governance, Social and Environmental sectors regarding the achievements, performance, commitments, program initiatives and the impact of the Company’s operational for the period of this year in the range of 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022.

BANANA & Partners exists for the community to manage and process waste into renewable energy and composite materials through a waste processing facility that we called PANDORA (Pusat Industri Daur Oelang Rumahan). By using the concept of a circular economy and the programs we run, we have helped deal with waste problems from upstream to downstream and have had an economic, social and environmental impact on the surrounding community. BANANA & Partners will continue to work on creating sustainability ideas and strategies in the future in line with our goal, #ForSustainableProsperity.

Download The 2022 Sustainability Report of BANANA & Partners on the link below.


Plastic Waste into Valuable Goods

Plastic waste sorting in PANDORA

Recycling is the process of collecting used materials that are waste and then processing them for reuse. The elements contained in the waste are separated and selected and then prepared for reuse as raw materials for new products.

Plastic recycling is very important in today’s world. Because plastic is a non-biodegradable material that takes decades to break down before it can be reused.

In the hands of creative people, plastic waste can be recycled into useful and valuable items.


A recent graduate of the Maryland Institute College of Art, where she studied interdisciplinary sculpture, Trisha Cheeney created Pälemer as direct competition to fast fashion and part of a recycling revolution. One of its products is a winter jacket made from 214 plastic shopping bags. (top left)

Researchers at the University of Bath are working with plastics engineering specialist Protomax to design and test reusable shelters. The materials of the shelters are recycled plastic waste, called Storm Board, which is also suitable for recycling and use. (top right)

In Chile, a new program is helping to tackle the problem of ocean plastic pollution by repurposing old fishing nets into play and sports equipment. (bottom)

The first school in Asia built from recycled plastic bricks. The construction of SDN Taman Sari in Medas Bentaur Village, Gunung Sari, West Lombok, NTB is a remarkable achievement because it uses recycled plastic waste to make building bricks.  SDN 04 Taman Sari,  made possible by the collaboration between Classroom of Hope (Australia), Block Solutions (Finland), Pelita Foundation Lombok and NTB Local Administration. The construction process similar to assembling Lego blocks, was impressively fast, unique and environmentally friendly building materials used.

Processing plastic waste in PANDORA

In PANDORA, our waste-to-energy and waste-to-material facility, we process pressed plastic and chopped plastic from plastic waste which are then used as plastic recycling material that factories need to make useful and valuable items. In one PANDORA, we can process ±3 tons of plastic waste per day.

For those of you who live in Jabodetabek and are interested in joining BANANA & partners, please kindly to contact us!

When You’re Choosing BANANA as Your Partner, You Contribute #ForSustainableProsperity that helps people do more for the planet.