Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR): The Ultimate Solution for Mitigating Climate Change



Biochar is produced by heating biomass and converting it to a more stable form. Biomass is all organic compounds derived from agricultural crops, algae and organic waste. 30-50% carbon is contained in the biomass. Of this amount, 4.4% is in exhaust gases, 0.01% in the atmosphere, and 80% in biochar.

Avoiding burning prevents dilution of carbon by 10x – 4,000x. Biomass carbonization can instead concentrate 2x as much carbon. The conversion of 50% of the carbon represents for optimizing crop yields of biochar, not in energy.

The problem lies with CO2, where 1 t C pure carbon = 3.66 t CO2. Addressing this problem at its root means preventing carbon atoms from becoming CO2 molecules. There are 6 very relevant carbon removal options:

-Build-up of soil organic matter
-Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR)
-Enchanced Weathering
-Bioenergy with Carbon Capture & Storage (BECCS): Utilizing agricultural organic waste to produce energy.
-Direct Air Carbon Capture and Storage (DACCS): Carbon capture technology that filters and reduces carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions directly from the air by using high-powered fans.

The last 4 options are permanent carbon removal, one of which is Biochar Carbon Removal (BCR) which is a system for removing carbon in the sky and placing it permanently into the ground. Using biochar as a carbon storage agent is by far the most efficient method of carbon removal because it only removes carbon, not entire CO2 molecules.

BCR is of the highest quality and stability. The stability of carbon in biochar is verified by a third party against the stringent standards of the European Biochar Certificate and verified by a third party through bio-inspecta GmbH according to the strict Biochar methodology.

Application of biochar also yielded agricultural benefits and demonstrated a 9.6% increase in plant height for 2009 biochar carbon sequestration and a 33% yield increase from dry sandy soils from 2010 (

The wide range of biomass suitable for carbonization includes wood, straw, coconut shell, twigs and algae. Currently, the application of biochar is applied in urban areas, agriculture, as well as construction materials.

Currently, biochar production in Europe is moving very fast. The European Biochar market has grown strongly and will continue to grow. At the end of 2022 Biochar production capacity is 53,000 t and Biochar production is approximately 33,500 t (equivalent to more than 90,000 t CO2e). And By the end of 2023, Biochar production capacity in Europe will increase to 90,000 t and production in 2023 is expected to exceed 50,000 t (equivalent to almost 150,000 t CO2e). This is the cumulative number of Biochar production plants in Europe.

  • By end of 2022, the cumulative number of production plants in Europe has grown to 130 installations
  • Until the end of 2023, the cumulative number of production plants in Europe is expected to grow to 180 installations
  • Many further projects (some of them quite large) are in an advanced planning and permitting process for commissioning in 2024

The recovery and use of biochar is increasing in a variety of applications, with the material offering significant added value, but remains a challenge and requires policy and regulatory support to develop an offtake market in parallel with increasing production.

source: EBI (European Biochar Industry) Market Report 2022/2023

Charcoal Briquette for the Environment and National Economy


Biochar is a coal-like substance produced by burning organic material from agricultural and forest waste (also called biomass) in a controlled process called pyrolysis. Although it looks a lot like regular coal, biochar is produced through a special process that reduces pollution and safely stores carbon.

One of biochar by-products is briquette. Briquettes are a form of solid fuel produced by compacting dry loose biomass residues into solid blocks that provide energy and are used like firewood and charcoal. Briquettes have the potential to counteract many adverse health and environmental impacts associated with traditional biomass energy. Briquettes from coconut shells have the potential to be an alternative energy that can be utilized. This is because Indonesia has a lot of coconut commodities, so the shell waste produced can be used to be processed into briquettes.


Briquettes can help re-purpose waste. The raw material for charcoal briquettes made from organic waste such as leaves, coconut shells and twigs can reduce waste while being environmentally friendly.

The use of briquettes also has the potential to preserve forests. In long-term studies undertaken at Kenya’s Kasigau Corridor, a conservation dryland landscape of about 200,000 ha, research led by Wildlife Works in collaboration with the National Museums of Kenya and ICRAF is showing that tree regeneration could occur alongside biodiversity protection and charcoal briquette production from tree prunings in the area, since using prunings eliminates the need to cut down trees.

Briquette also savings reduced expenditure on energy. Replacing firewood with briquettes has the potential to minimize costs on energy. The energy content in 1 kg of briquette is 16.8 MJ (megajoule) while the energy content in 1 kg of firewood is 13.8 MJ. Thus, less briquette by weight is required for the same amount of heat compared to firewood.

In addition, Indonesia’s coconut shell briquette dominates the export market. Demand for coconut shell briquettes from abroad is very high. This is because briquettes are widely used for barbeque and shisha. Besides having a high demand, the coconut shell briquette business is also not affected by the economic crisis.

Exports of Indonesian coconut charcoal products increased by 4.69% from US$ 145.1 million in 2019 to US$ 151.9 million in 2020 (Kemlu)

Therefore, the briquette business will run in a sustainable manner supported by the abundant availability of waste

BANANA & Partners Sustainability Report 2022

The 2022 Sustainability Report of BANANA & Partners (PT Abadan Nusantara International) is the first annual report published by the Company. This report is not GRI standard, this is a media to convey information to all stakeholders in the Governance, Social and Environmental sectors regarding the achievements, performance, commitments, program initiatives and the impact of the Company’s operational for the period of this year in the range of 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022.

BANANA & Partners exists for the community to manage and process waste into renewable energy and composite materials through a waste processing facility that we called PANDORA (Pusat Industri Daur Oelang Rumahan). By using the concept of a circular economy and the programs we run, we have helped deal with waste problems from upstream to downstream and have had an economic, social and environmental impact on the surrounding community. BANANA & Partners will continue to work on creating sustainability ideas and strategies in the future in line with our goal, #ForSustainableProsperity.

Download The 2022 Sustainability Report of BANANA & Partners on the link below.


Plastic Waste into Valuable Goods

Plastic waste sorting in PANDORA

Recycling is the process of collecting used materials that are waste and then processing them for reuse. The elements contained in the waste are separated and selected and then prepared for reuse as raw materials for new products.

Plastic recycling is very important in today’s world. Because plastic is a non-biodegradable material that takes decades to break down before it can be reused.

In the hands of creative people, plastic waste can be recycled into useful and valuable items.


A recent graduate of the Maryland Institute College of Art, where she studied interdisciplinary sculpture, Trisha Cheeney created Pälemer as direct competition to fast fashion and part of a recycling revolution. One of its products is a winter jacket made from 214 plastic shopping bags. (top left)

Researchers at the University of Bath are working with plastics engineering specialist Protomax to design and test reusable shelters. The materials of the shelters are recycled plastic waste, called Storm Board, which is also suitable for recycling and use. (top right)

In Chile, a new program is helping to tackle the problem of ocean plastic pollution by repurposing old fishing nets into play and sports equipment. (bottom)

The first school in Asia built from recycled plastic bricks. The construction of SDN Taman Sari in Medas Bentaur Village, Gunung Sari, West Lombok, NTB is a remarkable achievement because it uses recycled plastic waste to make building bricks.  SDN 04 Taman Sari,  made possible by the collaboration between Classroom of Hope (Australia), Block Solutions (Finland), Pelita Foundation Lombok and NTB Local Administration. The construction process similar to assembling Lego blocks, was impressively fast, unique and environmentally friendly building materials used.

Processing plastic waste in PANDORA

In PANDORA, our waste-to-energy and waste-to-material facility, we process pressed plastic and chopped plastic from plastic waste which are then used as plastic recycling material that factories need to make useful and valuable items. In one PANDORA, we can process ±3 tons of plastic waste per day.

For those of you who live in Jabodetabek and are interested in joining BANANA & partners, please kindly to contact us!

When You’re Choosing BANANA as Your Partner, You Contribute #ForSustainableProsperity that helps people do more for the planet.

CEO of BANANA & Partners was Awarded as Innovation Heroes

Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of BANANA & Partners, Herry Wijaya, was awarded as Innovation Heroes. He was chosen after going through a selection process from hundreds of other innovators since November 2022. Herry Wijaya was elected along with 4 other Indonesian best innovators, namely:

1. Wahyudi Hasbi — Satelit Kecil Multi

2. Tatiek Kancaniati — Kampung Wisata Bisnis Tegalwaru

3. Lenang Manggala — Gerakan Sekolah Menulis Buku Nasional

4. Heni Sri Sundari — Gerakan Anak Petani Cerdas

Innovation Heroes nomination was organized by Indonesia Forum Foundation and Corporate Innovation Asia (CIAS) as an appreciation to those who have made various innovations to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia. The inauguration night was held on Tuesday, 31 January 2023 at Soehanna Hall, Jakarta. The assessment was carried out by panelists namely Indrawan Nugroho (Founder & CEO of CIAS), Danang Rizky Ginanjar (Deputy Secretary General of the Indonesia Forum) and Ivan Ahda (CEO of Maxima).

This event was opened by Prof. Dr. Bambang Brodjonegoro, Ph.D and also attended by Ir. Warih Andang Tjahjono, M.T as president director of PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia and Achmad Zaky, S.T, M.Sc as Bukalapak’s Co-Founder and Deputy Chairperson of the Indonesia Forum. This event is planned to be held every year to support the innovation within the nation.

BANANA & Partners with the innovation of PANDORA (Pusat Industri Daur Oelang Rumahan) tries to answer environmental problems in Indonesia. We have been established since 2020 to reduce waste that pollutes the environment, as well creating renewable energy solution from waste. “We have a vision to create a world without waste and free of fossil energy for a better life. I personally really appreciate the holding of Innovation Heroes event because this will support all innovators in Indonesia to continue creating positive impacts for the goal of Golden Indonesia in 2045,” said Herry Wijaya.

Congratulations to the CEO of BANANA & Partners, Herry Wijaya, hopefully you are always successful and can provide other breakthroughs for the progress of the country.

#TukarPakaiSampah as A Waste Problem Solution for Coastal Communities

#TukarPakaiSampah is a collaboration program between BANANA & Partners and Future Builder program by Pijar Future Builder#TukarPakaiSampah focuses on plastic waste and used cooking oil problem in coastal areas.

Used cooking oil is one of the organic wastes produced by households. According to the 2019 Indonesia Oilseeds and Products Annual, consumption of household cooking oil in Indonesia in 2019 reached up to 13 million tons. Likewise, plastic waste in Indonesia reaches 66 million tons per year (BPS 2021).

Fun fact, every time they go out to sea, fishermen use cooking oil for cooking in the middle of the sea. Unfortunately, the cooking oil that has been used is immediately thrown into the open sea. Used cooking oil can harm health and the environment. If used cooking oil ends up in a lake or sea, the oil fat will gather and form a layer that can cover the water surface. This condition will disrupt the photosynthesis process of plants and reduce the oxygen levels needed by marine biota.

On the other hand, some communities in coastal areas still throw plastic waste into the sea. Plastic waste continues to grow and can threaten the lives of marine species (fish, marine mammals, sea birds). It takes tens to hundreds of years for plastic to decompose completely.

We exist with #TukarPakaiSampah program which is an initiation program to exchange 2 liters of used cooking oil for 1 liter of biodiesel (B100) produced by BANANA & Partners as fuel for fishing boats. Coastal communities can also exchange plastic waste for cash.

Our main partner is Kelompok Nelayan GANEBA located in East Balikpapan. The location of this beach is close to TPA (Tempat Pembuangan Akhir/Final Disposal Site) and about 15 km from the center of Balikpapan City and PANDORA, BANANA & Partners. GANEBA has 240 fishermen with a total of 200 boats.

According to Boben, chairman of Kelompok Nelayan GANEBA, a fishing boat can consume up to 70 liters of diesel in one trip out to the sea. In one month fishermen can go out to the sea about 20 times, so that one fisherman can spend 1,400 L per month.

In #TukarPakaiSampah Program, we also partner with Kelompok Nelayan Mangrove, Bank Sampah Kota Hijau, and PT. Dermaga Perkasapratama.

We have socialized #TukarPakaiSampah program which was enthusiastically welcomed by fishermen and the community. BANA Diesel is proven to be used as an alternative fuel after testing it on one of the fishermen’s boats.

Picking-up of segregated plastic waste and used cooking oil is carried out regularly at each of our partners. We process used cooking oil become BANA Diesel with our waste-to-energy and waste-to-material facilities, called PANDORA (Pusar Industri Daur Oelang Rumahan). And then, our BANA Diesel is given to the fishermen and the community.

Through this program, we help the community, especially coastal areas and fishermen, to change their habit of throwing wastes into the sea and using BANA Diesel as a renewable energy.

Contribution of BANANA & Partners in Implementing Technology and Solutions for Small and Medium Industries (IKM) at Startup4Industry 2022

BANANA & Partners contributed to the Startup4Industry 2022 technology implementation competition. Startup4Industry is a program under the ministry of industry Republic of Indonesia since 2018, as part of Making Indonesia 4.0 by leveraging innovative tech solutions from Indonesian tech startups.

This competition focuses on implementing technology/startup solutions in the industry which aims to accelerate startups as technology problem solvers for industry and society, implementing technology in industries, especially small and medium industries (IKM), and disseminating the use of technology made in Indonesia.

The implementation project from BANANA & Partners is the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) for UMK Batik Jambi Zhorif located in Jambi City, East Sumatra. Zhorif Jambi Batik has been established since 1982 by Mrs. Atiah which is now being continued by Mr. Muhsin (2014) until now. Seeing the dangers of batik waste for the environment and health, we from BANANA & Partners want to help so that the waste generated from batik production at UMK Batik Jambi Zhorif can be processed and the processing results from the batik waste can be reused.

The first visit was carried out on September 30 — October 3 2022 by the BANANA & Partners team to see the condition of the Zhorif Jambi Batik production site and the preparation of the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). The WWTP installation process continues to be monitored so that the waste generated from batik production can be reprocessed after construction is complete. On 4–7 November 2022, a second visit was carried out to see the condition of the waste from batik production after the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP).

“The assistance provided by BANANA & Partners and Startup4Industry in the form of WWTP can be useful for Zhorif Jambi Batik, so that the waste generated from batik production here can be reprocessed and does not pollute the environment” — Muhsin, Owner of Zhorif Jambi Batik.

The announcement of the Startup4Industry winners was held at Gebyar IKMA 2022. This event was held at Kota Kasablanka Mall, South Jakarta on 9–11 December 2022 with various activities. The 2022 IKMA Gebyar carries the theme Foresting Innovative and Sustainable Small and Medium Industries, with the aim of confirming the concrete steps taken by the Directorate General of IKMA of the Ministry of Industry in encouraging IKM players to be more innovative.

The announcement of the Startup4Industry winners was held at Gebyar IKMA 2022. This event was held at Kota Kasablanka Mall, South Jakarta on 9–11 December 2022 with various activities. The 2022 IKMA Gebyar carries the theme Foresting Innovative and Sustainable Small and Medium Industries, with the aim of confirming the concrete steps taken by the Directorate General of IKMA of the Ministry of Industry in encouraging IKM players to be more innovative.

In the IKMA Gebyar event, the Director General of the Ministry of Industry gave awards in the IKM field, including the One Village One Product (OVOP) award, Indonesia Food Innovation (IFI), Indonesia Food and Craft Awards (IFCA) and Startup4Industry. BANANA & Partners is included in the top 5 startups and occupies the 4th position in Startup4Industry 2022.

Other activities held at the IKMA 2022 Gebyar event include:

1. Investor Speed Dating (09th December 2022 — Curacao Room, Mall Kota Kasablanka, Jakarta Selatan)

One of the highlights events of Startup4Industry 2022 series which aims to provide investors access to explore investment potential and also give feedback on building startups in the startup4industry ecosystem.

2. B2B Business Matching (09th December 2022 — Curacao Room, Mall Kota Kasablanka, Jakarta Selatan)

B2B Business Matching is an event for private sector, manufactures, or others business sectors seeking and finding potential startup for business partners, tech/solution provider, innovation product, and others business opportunity.

3. Exhibition of Best Startup4Industry 2022 (09th-11th December 2022 — Fashion Atrium, Mall Kota Kasablanka, Jakarta Selatan)

The 20 Best Startup Finalists of the Startup4Industry Competition along with other MSMEs set up a booth at the IKMA 2022 Gebyar event. Director of Small and Medium Industries and Multifarious Industries of the Ministry of Industry (Dirjen IKMA) of the Ministry of Industry, Reni Yanita also visited the exhibition booth at the event.

Representing Indonesia at the COMEUP Global Startup Festival 2022 in South Korea

After becoming Ecothon 2022 Champion in the Indonesia Series in mid-2022, BANANA & Partners represented by Muhamad Rifqi Al-Ghifari and Karina Kristanti had the opportunity to attend the COMEUP (컴업) COMEUP Global Startup Festival 2022 in South Korea on 8–12 November 2022 at Dongdaemun History and Culture Park.

COMEUP (컴업) is a global startup festival that was born in 2019. Since its launch, COMEUP attracted +130,000 participants including +2,700 investors and +280 speakers. More than 270 promising startups pitched on the stage, having succeeded in after-event funding of +242M USD in total.

COMEUP aims to be the world’s most startup-led festival. All programs and events are fully led by startup founders and communities. It builds a global network of startup communities from around the world, helping their startup ecosystems grow and scale up, introducing promising early-stage startups with never-seen-before innovations.

BANANA & Partners was directly invited by ASEM SMEs Eco-Innovation Center (ASEIC),ASEIC was established in 2011 to promote cooperation of green growth in Europe and Asia, with a particular emphasis on enhancing eco-innovation of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) ) in both regions. Agreeing on the importance of SMEs as main engines of innovation and growth, Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) member countries joined together to establish ASEIC as an international platform for spreading eco-innovation principles and practices among SMEs and assisting them in harnessing the new business opportunities that arise out of such principles and practices.

On November 10, 2022, BANANA & Partners had the opportunity to pitch Investor Relations (IR) in front of three Korean stakeholders namely Brian Kim (CEO of Kim Venturous), Yoonmin Cho (Partners of Sopoong Ventures), and Alex Min (CEO of RE- Harvest). This time the pitching was brought by Karina Kristanti as the co-founder and Business Development of BANANA & Partners.

Apart from pitching, there are exhibitions and conferences filled with various Korean startups that have been funded from pre-series A to series C. Several large companies and venture capitals such as Samsung SecuritiesHyundai Motor Company (현대자동차)XnTREE ventures, 매쉬업엔젤스 (MashupAngels) , CNT Technologies www.cnttech.orgVentureSquareKT InvestmentMirae Asset Global Investments Holding Company, SparkLabs GroupKorea Investment PartnersStrong VenturesIMM Investment Corp.Dunamu & Partners, CJ Investment Inc., and many more. All of these events are supported by the South Korean Ministry of SMEs and Startups, the Korea Startup Forum, and SUP Kised Korea startup.

BANANA & Partners learned a lot from their trip to South Korea, and there are many more stories behind the struggle to continue to spread the benefits of #ForSustainableProsperity!

Digital Grounds and FGD for Greening The Startup Ecosystem (20th — 21st October 2022)

20th October 2022, BANANA & Partners attended the Digital Grounds: Towards A Green Digital Economy event organized by Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH GIZ Indonesia, ASEAN & Timor-Leste. The DTC & Make-IT Project is implemented together with the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas Republic of Indonesia at Westin Jakarta. This event aims to support digital transformation in Indonesia through strengthening activities, including using digital technology and digital enablers.

The purpose of digital grounds activities is to share essential knowledge and facilitate the exchange of information between actors and stakeholders existing players in the ecosystem about the current status and strategies that support digitizing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs/UMKM) and developing green technology in Indonesia. In addition, this activity provides insights and journeys from UMKM, green technology startups, and the entity’s public organizations (civil society organizations/academics) to support UMKM in accelerating digital technology adoption.

Indonesia and Germany discussed strategies for accelerating digital transformation for UMKM and startups, particularly related to technological innovation for a green economy. The design will support preparing the Long-Term Development Plan 2025–2045 and the National Medium-Term Development Plan 2025–2029, particularly National Priority 5, Infrastructure to Support the Economy and Basic Services.

This event was attended by practitioners in UMKM and the Green Economy ecosystem consisting of public and private entities, among others: Government, Academics, Associations, Business Sector, business support organizations, technology pioneers (digital stay-up), and UMKM with interest in using technology digital for business, as well as aspiring entrepreneurs who are interested in developing green technology.

21st October 2022, BANANA & Partners attended the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) event at CoHive 101 Mega Kuningan Jakarta. This event also invited other institutions from Government, Associations, and stakeholders, including Private Sector. In this event, we discussed Greening the Startup Ecosystem in Indonesia.

This FGD activity intends to formulate and map current conditions, such as challenges and lessons learned, to become inputs for appropriate support strategies and effective. This activity was carried out using a focus group discussion method so that participants and practitioners could exchange knowledge and collaboratively make strategic plans to improve and support Indonesia’s green technology start-up ecosystem.

BANANA & Partners, together with PANDORA, will continue to consider environmental aspects in driving economic growth to realize the principle of sustainability as one of the main goals.

#Sustainability #Digitalization #wastemanagement

BANANA & Partners become Innovation Ambassadors for Balikpapan City at MUSRENBANG CSR 2022

The Government of Balikpapan (Pemkot Balikpapan) held a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Development Planning Consultation/ Musyawarah Perencanaan Pembangunan (Musrenbang) at Grand Tjatra Hotel, Balikpapan, Monday 10 October 2022.

The series of events includes communication forum Tanggung Jawab Sosial Lingkungan Perusahaan (TJSLP), Festival Inovasi, Launching Rumah Inovasiku, and Balikpapan City Research and Development Dissemination in 2022.

The purpose of holding this event is to synergize Balikpapan Government’s priority development program with the Company’s CSR program which will strengthen collaboration for sustainable development, mutual benefit for the company, and benefit the people of Balikpapan. In addition, this event is also a strengthening of cooperation and dissemination of information and learning for companies in the implementation and development of CSR programs.

In the Innovation Festival series in this events, BANANA & Partners participated in the KRENOVA (Kreativitas dan Inovasi Masyarakat) Competition and set up a booth to introduce the company profile, PANDORA, innovation, and products. At the event, BANANA & Partners became The 1st Winner of KRENOVA Balikpapan City 2022 for the Community Category.

This winning is the first step for BANANA & Partners to continue to develop innovations for the community, especially in waste management. It is hoped that in the future, BANANA & Partners together with PANDORA Balikpapan can take care of the environment and are fully committed to collaborating together to realize the sustainable development of the City of Balikpapan.BANANA & Partners will also become Innovation Ambassadors for the City of Balikpapan who will be the representatives and also the face of the city’s innovation campaigns to the government, young people, to environmental activists or other innovators.

Thank you to Bappeda Litbang Balikpapan City for holding this event and inviting and attracting companies in Balikpapan City, to take care of the surrounding environment.